Tag: bilingualism

Embeddedness of English in Urdu

Whilst at my parents’ this evening I was watching the Urdu speaking channel (Geo). During the interview, I noticed a plethora of lexical items which were casually embedded into the Urdu discussion. Now this is nothing new, and bilinguals like me readily ‘play’ with language in this way […]

Language Policy and Planning in Pakistan

As a kind of follow up to the code-switching work, I have written this brief piece on Language Policy and Planning in Pakistan. When Mohammed Ali Jinnah (the founder of Pakistan and its first Governor-General) declared Urdu as the national language of Pakistan, only 7.5% of the people […]

Da Lingua Code

Now that the unintentional sabbatical is over…. What do the following phrases have in common? Hasta la vista baby It’s a nice day, hana? Sometimes I’ll start a sentence in English y termino en español Answer: they are all forms of ‘code-switching’; that is, the (more or less […]